Wind power is the renewable energy source with the widest and most successful deployment over the past 20 years, going from 3 GW to 200 GW of global installed capacity in that period of time.
In 2010, five European countries already sourced more than 10% of their electricity from wind. In Ireland and Denmark this percentage arrives to 50%. However, despite the significant potential of wind power as major source of energy and the expected increase in Europe’s overall installed capacity, global demand for wind energy is still large. Wind assessment is typically divided into two application scales: the regional (mesoscale) level associated to the generation of wind atlases for spatial planning purposes and the local (microscale) level associated to wind farm design.